There are two genera of fox tail species - Alopecurus and Setaria. Together they fall into the Poaceae family and can be both annual and perennial. Setaria collectivelyis taller than the Alopecurus species.
Both genera spread by seed and the overall family prefers
fertile soil, but will grow in a wide range of soils.
This is sometimes called Bristle Grass. There are approximately 125 different types of weeds that fall into the Setaria species with about 40 of them residing in North America. Some are forage grasses, such as Plains Foxtail (S. macrostachya) and Foxtail millet (S. italica).
The more common weeds we are familiar with are:
Although foxtail can be pleasant to look at the seeds spread quickly and it becomes invasive, let alone can be a hazard to pets. They all have a long stem with a bushy spear-like seed head on top. These spear-like spikes can transfer to animals causing tangles and even becoming lodged, possibly entering beneath the skin. Bristly Foxtail (S.verticillata) is especially known for this.
Pull weed if it is in early stages. Hoeing but must do regularly. Depending on location consider an inorganic mulch like solarizing black plastic. When removed place organic mulch types on top.
Because of the different foxtail common weeds, the most suggested method of extermination is a pre-emergent herbicide. Using a propane torch can also be effective, but always use caution.
Depending on the foxtail, different type of post-emergents would be required.
**For a better understanding of herbicides view outline here.
This genus has approximately 35 species and are perennials that are native to Europe and Asia but have become naturalized throughout the world. Most are considered weeds and have dense, cylindrical, soft, full flower that resembles a fox tail.
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