Swallowtail Caterpillar Host Plants of Europe

Malus family, Apple trees

This lists butterfly host plants for the Swallowtail caterpillar of Europe.

More host plants for the Swallowtail:

The European list is short as there are no more than fifteen Swallowtail Butterflies throughout Europe and North Africa.

I keep it easy providing common plant names and/or family and genus. This way the gardener will be able to recognize one name.

Also a note about climbers... they climb.. a lot! Depending on the species they can become invasive. You can successfully keep them on the outskirts of the yard where they will climb the trees.

If you want climbers closer to your house be particular. In time the structure holding the climbers can break down, weather and possibly deteriorate the wood or brick supporting it.

Also see important information about Dutchmans Pipe on the North American Swallowtail caterpillar host plant page.

To View Host Plants for Butterflies for All butterfly families click here

Swallowtail Caterpillar Butterflies and host plants suited to each:

1) Clouded Apollo

  • Corydalis (Papaveraceae) family

2) Corsican Swallowtail

  • Giant Fennel (Ferula) family especially Ferula Communis
  • Peucedanum Paniculatum Loisel
  • Ruta (Rutaceae) family especially CorsicaThese above three Host Plants are considered Toxic to grazing mammals.

3) Desert Swallowtail

  • Deverra Chloranthus
  • Deverra Scopularia
  • Giant Fennel (Ferula) family especially Ferula Communis
  • Pycnocyla Glauca Lindl (Umbelliferae)
  • Seseli Varium

4) Eastern Festoon [Zerynthia (Aristolochia) Cerisyi]

  • Dutchman's Pipe (Aristolochia) family especially Altissima, Bodamae, Clematitis, Rotunda

5) Eastern Festoon [Zerynthia (Allancastria) Cretica]

  • Dutchman's Pipe (Aristolochia)

6) False Apollo

  • Dutchman's Pipe (Aristolochia)

7) Papilio Machaon Swallowtail

  • Albus (Dictamnus) family
  • Bishop's Weed (Aegopodium) family. Also known as Podagraria Veriegatum.
  • Caraway (Carum) family especially Carvi
  • Carrot (Peucedanum) family
  • Cowbane (Cicuta virosa)
  • Cow-Parsnip (Heracleum) family especially Heracleum Sphondylium
  • Daucus family
  • Dill (Anethum) family especially Graveolens
  • Foeniculum family especially Vulgare
  • Giant Fennel (Ferula) family
  • Goutweed (Aegopodium) family. Also known as Podagraria Veriegatum.
  • Haplophyllum (Rutaceae)
  • Laserpitium Latifolium
  • Lovage (Levisticum Officinale)
  • Northern Water Hemlock (Cicuta Virosa)
  • Pastinaca family especially Pastinaca Sativa
  • Ruta (Rutaceae)
  • Saxifraga (Saxifrage) family especially Pimpinella
  • Trinia Glauca (Honewort)
  • "Woodland Angelica (Archangelica) family especially Silvestris/Sylvestris

8) Apollo Swallowtail (Parnassius Apollo)

  • Hens and Chicks (Sempervivum)
  • Houseleek (Sempervivum)
  • Sedum (Stonecrop) family especially Album, Hylotelephium Caucasicum, Rhodiola Rosea, Rosea, Rupestre, TelephiumBecause this butterfly flies primarily in the mountains, it is named after the mountain of the Greek gods - Parnassus.

9) Scarce Swallowtail

  • Apple/Crabapple (Malus) family
  • Crataegus - Hawthorns
  • Lavendar
  • Pear (Pyrus) family
  • Prunus (Amygdalus) family including Almond, Cherry, Cherry Laurel, Nectarine, Peach, Plum
  • Sorbus - Rowans and Whitebeams This butterfly very common in Europe but can also be found in China and Asia.

10) Small Apollo

  • Sedum (Stonecrop) family especially Album, Debile, Lanceolatum, Obtusatum, Rhodiola Rosea, Stenopetalum, Wrightii
  • Saxifraga (Saxifage) family especially Aizioides, Calycina, Nivalis, Sempervivum Montanum, Tectorum

11) Southern Festoon

  • Duthcman's Pipe (Aristolochia) family especially Birthwort, Clematitis, Pallida, Pistolochia, Rotunda

12) Southern Swallowtial

  • Caraway (Carum) family especially Carvi
  • Giant Fennel (Ferula) family especially Ferula Communis, Karategina, Ugamica
  • Falcaria Vulgaris
  • Opopanax Chironium
  • Opopanax Hispidus
  • Ptychotis Heterophylla
  • Saxifraga (Saxifrage) family especially Pimpinella
  • Seseli Libanotis
  • Seseli Montanum
  • Trinia Vulgaris
  • Torilis Heterophylla

13) Spanish Festoon

  • Dutchman's Pipe (Aristolochia) family especially Baetica, Fontanesi, Longa, Pistolochia, Rotunda

14) Iphiclides Feisthamelii

  • Apple/Crabapple (Malus)
  • Crataegus - Hawthorns
  • Pear (Pyrus)
  • Prunus (Amygdalus) family including Almond, Cherry, Cherry Laurel, Nectarine, Peach, Plum
  • Sorbus - Rowans, Whitebeams

Click below for more butterfly host plants for the Swallowtail caterpillar

To View Host Plants for Butterflies for All butterfly families click here

Back from Swallowtail Caterpillar to Butterfly Host Plants

Back from Swallowtail Caterpillar to Easy Butterfly Garden.com

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.

DMCA.com Protection Status Copyright © 2010-2022 Easy-Butterfly-Garden.com
Privacy Policy Disclaimer

Printer icon Print

Follow Me on Pinterest

Join Easy Butterfly Garden on Facebook

Recent Articles

  • follow us in feedly
  • Add to My Yahoo!
  • Add to My MSN
  • Subscribe with Bloglines
  1. Annual Bluegrass

    Jan 14, 17 08:14 PM

    Annual bluegrass (Poa annua) is considered a weed in the Poa family, which has a few popular turf grasses. If this gets into your butterfly garden listed are a few ways to eradicate it.

    Read More

  2. Candytuft Flowers

    Sep 25, 16 10:54 PM

    There are the annual, or Iberis, candytuft flowers and also perennials which are called Iberis sempervirens.

    Read More

  3. Keeping Deer Out

    Sep 19, 16 01:10 PM

    Reviewing the types of products available for keeping deer out of our gardens along with building fences. Many of these products help with other garden pests.

    Read More

  4. Butterfly Meadows

    Sep 19, 16 12:52 PM

    Compared to other wildlife gardening, butterfly meadows take time and are not for the faint of heart.

    Read More

  5. Natural Gardening

    Sep 19, 16 12:32 PM

    Natural gardening includes different types of gardens. These garden types create a casual, natural envirionment and help sustain native wildlife which includes butterflies.

    Read More