Swallowtail Caterpillar
Host Plants of Japan

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Photo: Daagron

This list of Swallowtail caterpillar Host Plants covers Japan. Some of these same butterflies are found also in Asia, China, Taiwan, Russia, India and even as far out as Australia and Hawaii (sometimes with a different name).

These butterflies can be found in bright open fields and plains from the mountains to oceans.

There may be redundancy for a true lepidopterist and horticulturalist. I'm just keeping it easy!  Let's get started...

Ageha - This means Swallowtail Butterfly

To View Host Plants for Butterflies for All butterfly families click here

1) Agehachou

  • Rutaceae

2) Aosuji - Ageha (Blue Triangle)

  • Aosuji means Vein, as in the blue veins found in the wings
  • Camphor
  • Laurel
  • Myrtle

3) Archon

  • Aristolochia sp.

4) Asagimadara (Chestnut Tiger)

  • Asclepias Curassavica

          Asclepias as in Milkweed and Silkweed
          Curassavica as in Blood flower, Indian root
               and Swallow-wort
  • Hoya Carnosum
          Wax flower
  • Marsdenia Royeii
  • Marsdenia Tomentosa
  • Tylophora ssp.

5) Asia Minor

  • Fennel (Foeniculum Vulhare)

6) Atrophaneura Alcinous

  • Aristolochia family (Dutchmans Pipe), especially spp.
          A. Debilis
          A. Mandshhuriensis

7) Byasa Alcinous Klug

  • Arisolochia family (Dutchmans Pipe), especially spp.

          A. Debilis
          A. Heterotropa
          A. Thwaitesii
  • Crataeva Religiosa
  • Rutaceae family

8) Chinese Peacock

  • Found in wooded areas
  • Japanese Prickly Ash

9) Citrus Swallowtail

  • Rutaceae citrus

10) Common Bluebottle

  • Cinnamon family including ssp.C.VerumCinnamon Vine
  • Chisese Yam
  • Dioscorea Batatas
  • Laurel family (Persea Borbonia)
  • Coffee (Polyscias Guilfoylei)
  • Sugar Cane trees (Saccharum)
  • Tobacco (Nicotiana)

11) Gifu - Cho Butterfly

  • Known also as the Gifu Butterfly,
          also Luehdorfia Japonica
    Gifo-Cho means 'Princess'

  • Wild Ginger sp. (Asarum)

12) Jakou Ageha (Oriental Black Swallowtail)

  • Jakou means 'Musk'. This butterfly has a musky odor.
  • Dill
  • Fennell
  • Parsley
  • Rue

13) Karasu - Ageha

  • Karasu means 'Crow' or 'Raven'
  • Rutaceae family

14) Ki - Ageha (Old World Swallowtail - Papilio Machaon Linnaeus)

  • Ki means 'Yellow'
  • Carrot family
  • Parsley family
  • Umbelliferae family

15) Kuro - Ageha (Spangle Swallowtail)

  • Kuro means 'Black' or 'Dark'
  • Rutaceae family
  • Violet family (Viola Sororia)

16) Miyama - Karasu - Ageha

  • Miyama means 'Depth of Mountains'
  • Rutaceae family

17) Monki - Ageha (Japanese Red Helen)

  • Monki means with 'markings'
  • Clausena Heptaphylla
  • Glycosmis family including Pentaphylla, Arborea
  • Phellodendron including Philodendron spp.
  • Rutaceae Citrus including Citrus Limon, Citrus Orange, Citrus Pummelo
  • Rutaceae including Evodia spp.
  • Rutaceae including Toddalia Asiatica, Zanthoxylum Acanthopodium, Zanthoxylum Nitidum, Zanthoxylum Rhetsa

18) Nagasaki - Ageha (Great Mormon)

  • Nagasaki is a location. The root 'Nagasa' means 'length'.
  • Rutaceae family including Citrus and Paramignya Scandens

19) Nami Ageha (Asian Swallowtail)

  • This is also known as Chinese Yellow Swallowtail
  • Euodia Ruaecarpa
  • Mandarin Orange, Yuzu
  • Phellodendron Amurensis
  • Poncirus Trifoliata
  • Rutaceae family
  • Zanthoxylum spp.

          Japanese Pepper Tree
          Japanese Prickly-Ash

20) Onaga - Ageha

  • Onaga means 'long-tail'
  • Rutaceae family

21) Papilio Maackii Han (ssp. of Papilio Maackii Menetries)

  • Rutaceae family especially ssp.
          Euodia Meliaefolia
          Orixa Japonica
          Phellodendron Amurense
          Zanthoxylum Ailanthoides

Click on the links below for Swallowtail caterpillar host plants for:

North America

To View Host Plants for Butterflies for All butterfly families click here

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